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To save the forex: the government decides to authorize a minimum load shedding until December

ISLAMABAD: The government has reportedly decided to continue the minimum average monthly load shedding of three hours until December 2022 to avoid outflows of foreign currency on imported fuels, informed sources said company registrar.

On Tuesday, a power deficit was recorded at 8,911 MW, of which 6,230 MW was due to generation, while 2,681 MW was high-loss/ATC (recovery-based load shedding). This indicates that the duration of load shedding was in the order of 16 to 18 hours in rural areas.

According to sources, a minimum weekly allowance of $25 million will be required in addition to allowances of $51.5 million for debt service from imported coal-fired power plants.

The government has also decided to import coal from Afghanistan, the quality of which, according to an expert, is also good, the sources said, adding that the government wants to use Afghan coal in the Sahiwal coal plant.

The government, sources said, has decided to improve the trucking capacity of coal transportation by operating the following border crossing points 24/7: (i) Torkham; (ii) Ghulam Khan; and (iii) Kharlachi. The Afghan side has been requested to deploy more human resources to the three crossing points for a 24/7 operation.

The Gross Calorific Value (GCV) required for Port Qasim Power Station is 4200-5200, and the GCV of Indonesian coal is 4500. GCV required is 5200-6300, which can use Afghan coal with 6000 GCV.

There will be no shipping on HSD, but the following firm LNG allocation quantity will be required through December: July-2022, 384 MMCFD, August-384 MMCFD, September-399 MMCFD, October-399 MMCFD , November -350 MCFD and December -150 MMCFD.

The sources said the announced duration of the load shedding from July 1 to July 8, 2022 is expected to be between 8 a.m. and 3 p.m., after which it will be reduced to three hours for the rest of the month. This will be possible thanks to the weekly debt service of $50.5 million from coal-fired power plants and the use of Afghan coal.

The load shedding duration in August will be 3 to 5 hours, in September 3.6 hours, in October 2.8 hours and in December 2.1 hours.

The National Power Control Center (NPCC), a branch of the National Transmission and Dispatch Company (NTDC) presented a grim fuel picture in July 2022, warning that non-availability of RLNG/HSD will cause excessive load management in LESCO, FWSCO and GEPCO.

The seriousness of the situation was referred to by Engineer, Sajjad Akhtar, Managing Director (System Operation), NPCC in a letter to the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) and other concerned authorities.

The NPCC informed that the provisional allocation of RLNG to the power sector will be 700 MMCFD from June 27, 2022 and 385 MMCFD from July 1, 2022 against a power sector request of 870 MMCFD and 900 MMCFD for the months of June and July, respectively, as reported by SNGPL.

The substantial reduction in the allocation of RLNG to the power sector will result in power plants running exhausted on alternative fuel, i.e. RFO/HSD resulting in excessive fuel consumption as well as additional load management to bridge the gap between supply and demand. In addition, the current fuel inventory of various independent power producers (IPPs) and public sector generation plants (GENCOs) is extremely low, as repeatedly communicated by the NPCC. In addition, coal-fired power plants using imported coal, namely China Hub, Port Qasim and Sahiwal Coal, are operated at partial load for the conservation of coal stock due to various factors such as lack of financing, reserves exchange rate for the supply/supply of imported fuel. etc

According to NPCC, the Monthly Cumulative Production Plan (MPP) of 3 GPP namely Haveli Bahadur Shah, Bhikki and Balloki for the month of July -2022 is 425 MMCFD, while 385 MMCFD will be allocated to 3 GPP by SNGPL according to their business. gas agreement and there will be no allocation to other power plants. This will lead to non-operation of RLNG-based power plants, i.e. Nandipur, Rousch and FKPCL with a capacity of 1,050 MW, while Orient, Saif, Sapphire and Halmore (total: 800 MW) will run on an alternative fuel, i.e. HSD if available and authorized by the Department of Energy (Power Division).

The NPCC further added that the operation of power plants connected on 132 kV in DISCOs, i.e. LESCO, FESCO and GEPCO, is essential to ensure system and grid stability during the peak season. request. Therefore, non-availability of RLNG/HSD will cause excessive load management in these DISCOS to keep network load and system parameters within allowable limits.

In view of the above, the NPCC has requested that affected neighborhoods be advised to ensure RLNG supply in line with firm power sector demand during the current summer season to avoid a further shortfall of production and to ensure the smooth and stable operation of the network.

Copyright Business Recorder, 2022

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